Sociology homework help

ESPM 50 – Final Exam – Review – F’20

The Final Exam primarily addresses material from Units III and IV, but you are responsible for
concepts and themes from the other units. The format is as follows:
• 1 essay from Unit III or IV (2 choices, 50 points)
• 1 short answer question from Unit III or IV (2 choices, 20 points)
• 15 Multiple-choice (2 points each / 30 points total)

Here’s how it works: The exam will be available from available 12p, M (12/7) to 2:30p, M (12/14).
You will have 40 minutes to complete the multiple-choice portion of the exam (which you should
complete first), and as much time as you like to complete the essay and short answer question. We
strongly recommend that you spend no more than three hours working on the essay and short answer.
• The exam is open book. You may use any course resources.
• Take the exam alone and do not confer with other students about it until 2:30, M (12/14).
• You must use parenthetic citations (e.g., author last name, publication date) for reference to
ideas, paraphrasing and quotes.
• Do not use Wikipedia as a reference.
• See the upcoming bCourses announcement for details on how to access the exam.

*You are responsible for all of the review material below, which is based on readings and lectures.
**To prepare for the exam, you should spend time reviewing reading material, videos, and class notes.
***When you are ready to take the exam, but sure to have anything that you may need handy, so you
can refer to it in answering exam questions.

Unit III

California capitalism (1848-1945)
• Capitalist production and exchange – fundamental features described in lecture
• “Prospector capitalism” in California
• “America’s Errand into the Wilderness”

Chinese migration
• Rural migration
• Sojourn / Settlement
• Chain migration
• Push, pull, means

Mining and the gold rush
• Gold rush mythology
• Crisis of reproduction (declining productivity): resolved through cycle of ∆ T, K, L, N: Placer mining
/ Hydraulic mining / Hard rock mining
• Gold mining ecology in California

Transcontinental railroad
• Central Pacific Railroad / Union Pacific Railroad
• Financial paradox of railroad building
• Pacific Railroad Acts of 1862 and 1864
• Race and labor in building the transcontinental Railroad: Chinese & Irish workers


Anti-Chinese policy & resistance
• 14
& 15
• Naturalization Act of 1870: “aliens, ineligible for citizenship”
• Denis Kearney: Workingman’s Party
• Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
• Resistance strategies: niche production, enclaves, etc.
• Paper Sons and Daughters
• Extending Democracy’s Reach

California Delta reclamation and farming (only responsible for material from lecture, not from Suchen Chan’s
This Bittersweet Soil)
• Delta ecology: inverted deltaic fan, tule grass, peat soil, floods, levees, etc.
• Reclamation: geography, technology, labor, financing, means of entry into tenancy
• Developmental tenancy

Japanese immigration and farming
• Meiji Japan: modernization, industrialization, militarism
• Push, pull, means
• Gentlemen’s Agreement (1907)
• Alien Land Act (1913 & 1920) / means of circumvention
• Japanese “ethnic solidarity”
• Japanese American agriculture
• Japanese vs. Chinese experiences in the United States: immigration, agriculture, policy, social
construction, upward mobility
• Kaz Mori

Unit IV

The Bay area as place
• Geography discussed in lecture: race, class, environmental, gentrification, contradictions, etc.

Concepts introduced in the unit
• Environmental racism
• Environmental justice movement
• Demarcated devaluation
• Uneven development
• Industrial garden
• Food desert

History and geography of Oakland
• History of industrialization
• Redlining
• Black resistance
• Urban renewal & transportation infrastructure
• General patterns of racial geography, environmental geography and capital investment and divestment


West Oakland:
• De Fremery Park as a key public space
• Food justice movement
• Air quality, toxins and public health
• Environmental justice activism
• West Oakland Environmental Indicators Project
• The Oakland Army Base
• Decommissioning Interstate 980

The LA River and environmentalism:
• Jenny Price’s argument about “remaking environmentalism”
• The L.A. River as an icon for a new environmentalism
• First, second, third and fourth wave environmentalism
• Environmental Racism and Environmental Justice, as described in the Laura Pulido video
(assigned for week 12 guest speakers)

Guest speaker talks: You will not be held responsible for the content of the Unit IV guest talks and associated
readings (except for the Laura Pulido video) on the exam

Maya Angelou: On the Pulse of Morning



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